Less beef, more beans. Experts say world needs a new diet

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(Candice Choi/ Associated Press) — A hamburger a week, but no more — that’s about as much red meat people should eat to do what’s best for their health and the planet, according to a report seeking to overhaul the world’s diet.

Eggs should be limited to fewer than about four a week, the report says. Dairy foods  …

Men are more sensitive to pain than women

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(Chrissy Sexton/ Earth.com) — Researchers at McGill University have discovered that men are more sensitive to pain than women. The study also revealed that men have a stronger memory of previous pain, and suffer more when a painful experience is repeated.

The findings, which were confirmed in both mice and humans, could lead  …

How exercise burns belly fat

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(All4Women) — You don’t have to do endless sit-ups to blast belly fat, but when starting an exercise programme, waist measurements trump the scale…

Research has found that, when you exercise, a signalling molecule called interleukin-6 works to reduce belly fat.

After following a 12-week long cycling exercise programme,  …

Why exercise alone won’t save us

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(Vybarr Cregan-Reid/ The Guardian) — This is the time of year when trainers are mined from under beds and gym kits are disinterred from the bottom drawer. Google searches relating to physical fitness peak in January. Many people even trawl the web to find out about “desk exercises” and “workouts on the go” in case they are too  …

The long road to a new Canada’s Food Guide

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(Kelly Crowe/ CBC News) — A rainbow of lively food illustrations hanging on the classroom wall — that’s how most Canadians remember Canada’s Food Guide.

But behind that brightly coloured document is a long history of political wrangling and industry lobbying — a tradition that continues today as Health Canada  …

A heart attack affects more than your health

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(Dr. Brian Goldman/ CBC radio) — The Public Health Agency of Canada says a third of all heart attacks and a quarter of strokes happen to Canadians in mid-career. A study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal tallies the economic fallout. The financial cost of a heart attack or stroke can be huge.

Researchers from  …

These are the 5 best diets for 2019, according to experts

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(Jamie Ducharme/ Time) — For the second year in a row, the Mediterranean diet was named the best diet in America by U.S. News & World Report.

Following a Mediterranean diet involves eating lots of plants, whole grains, healthy fats (such as olive oil) and lean proteins, and cutting back on processed foods, red meat and refined  …

How does yo-yo dieting affect our heart health?

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(Tim Newman/ Medical News Today) — Sticking to a strict diet can be challenging, so our eating patterns can fluctuate wildly. A new study looks at how these changes might impact cardiovascular health.

As we roll into 2019, many people will be trying out new diet regimes.

For many of us, sticking to a nut-filled, burger-free, fish-heavy  …

Longer vacations could extend your life

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(Nicole Lyn Pesce) — Taking more time off can give you more time.

Longer vacations could extend your life, according to a study from the European Society of Cardiology.

The research, which was conducted by the University of Helsinki, Finland over 40 years, followed 1,222 middle-aged male executives born between 1919 and 1934 who had  …

Six surprising foods you should avoid on certain medications

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(Philip Crilly/ The Conversation) — As the population grows older, more and more people are using a combination of drugs to treat multiple conditions. This can lead to interactions and side effects that we all need to be aware of.

Not only can drugs interact with each other, they can also interact with food and drink, as well as   …

Why you really, really shouldn’t sleep in your contacts

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The CDC is reminding the one in three contact wearers who leave their lenses in overnight that doing so raises your risk of infection dramatically

(Amanda Gardner/ Health.com) — If anyone has any doubts about whether or not to sleep–or even nap–in contact lenses, consider this cautionary tale: A man who wore his contact   …

Talking turkey: To rinse or not to rinse that Christmas bird

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(Cathy Kearney/ CBC News) — From Master Chef Julia Child, to the kitchen bible The Joy of Cooking, home cooks have been told for decades to rinse the inside and outside of Christmas turkeys before putting them in the oven.

Proponents of turkey rinsing apparently did so to wash away any imagined germs and bacteria. But it turns out,  …

Energy drinks may make you five times more likely to have a stroke

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(Lynne Walls/ Daily Mail) — Juggling a busy job and family life, Mark Horsman relied on a daily combination of eight cups of coffee and three cans of Red Bull to keep him going.

For three years, the construction manager from Brighton thought nothing of it. But one day, after downing two cans in a row, he was suddenly struck by a terrifying  …

Heart attack risk is 37 per cent higher on Christmas Eve

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(Linda Searing/ Washington Post) — Heart attacks are believed to be more common in times of heightened emotions, brought on by things such as sporting events, hurricanes and stock market crashes.

Now, add Christmas Eve to that list.

The risk of having a heart attack is 37 per cent higher on Christmas Eve, peaking at 10 p.m., according  …

Crohn’s, colitis may be tied to prostate cancer

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(Robert Preidt/ HealthDay) — Men with inflammatory bowel disease have a significantly greater risk of prostate cancer, a new study finds.

About 1 million men in the United States have inflammatory bowel disease, which includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

“These patients may need to be screened more carefully  …

Crosswords and sudoku may not stop mental decline

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(Reuters Health) — Mental engagement through problem-solving games like crossword puzzles, sudoku and brain teasers may not offset cognitive losses due to age-related dementia, a new study suggests.

Still, practicing these kinds of activities throughout life might boost mental ability and provide a higher starting point before  …

Some hyperactive kids may have sleep apnea, not ADHD

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(CTV News) — When Kian Yazdani was in Grade 1, it was clear something was wrong. He was often upset in the morning, and his teachers reported that he had angry outbursts at school.

Doctors suggested ADHD as the culprit, but Melody Yazdani wasn’t so sure. Noting that her son had dark circles under his eyes, she started doing her   …

The health risks of being a night owl

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(Tim Newman/ Medical News Today) — The first international review to compare night owls with early risers outlines the health risks associated with preferring late nights. However, these risks may not be set in stone.

Most individuals fit one of two chronotypes: We are morning people or evening people. Either we prefer  …

All the ways snoring affects your health

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(Jason Amatoury/ Lifehacker) — There’s nothing quite like the sound of snoring as the ultimate sleep interrupter. But snoring can be more than just a frustration to those in your vicinity. Sometimes snoring is linked to more serious health problems, such as obstructive sleep apnoea. An emerging line of research suggests  …

What kind of physical exercise can help you stay young?

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(Marie Cohut/ Medical News Today) — Endurance training, resistance training, or high-intensity interval training — what type of physical exercise will help your body to stay youthful for longer? A new study aims to answer that question.

One key factor in cellular health is telomeres, the “safety caps” that protect  …

Canadian kids fall behind in global physical activity report

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(Cassandra Szklarski/ Canadian Press) — Canadian kids continue to rank low in a global report on physical activity.

The most recent release from the Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance finds children in Slovenia and Japan to be the most active among 49 countries studied.

Canada scored D+ in categories that measure overall   …

‘We’re guinea pigs’: Canada’s oversight process for implanted medical devices stuns suffering patients

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(Valérie Ouellet, Vik Adhopia, David McKie/ CBC News) — Millions of Canadians rely on surgically implanted medical devices in order to function — to do everything from walk without pain to pump blood through their veins. Yet many of those devices are approved for use in Canada with scant scientific evidence to show they are  …

Men who eat lots of fruits and vegetables have less memory loss

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(Catharine Paddock/ Medical News Today) — Men who follow a healthful diet could be protecting their brains, according to a new study that tracked a large group of men for more than 2 decades.

Researchers from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston, MA, analyzed data from a study that had followed 27,842 men for   …

Probiotics show no effect on kids’ tummy upsets

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(Amy Norton/ HealthDay) — When young children have a bout of “stomach flu,” parents often turn to probiotics for help. But two new clinical trials suggest they are wasting their money.

Researchers found that probiotic formulas showed no benefit for babies and preschoolers with acute gastroenteritis —  …

Move over, peanuts: milk allergy more common in kids, study says

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(Avichai Scher/ NBC News) — Peanuts get a lot of attention, but the most common food allergy for kids under 5? Milk.

In a study released on Friday, researchers found that milk allergy affects over half of 1-year-olds who have food allergies, accounts for 40 percent of food allergies for kids 1 to 2, and is the most common overall food allergy  …

Avoid eating romaine lettuce in Ontario and Quebec amid E. coli outbreak, health officials warn

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(Nicole Ireland/ CBC News)— The Public Health Agency of Canada is warning people in Ontario and Quebec not to eat romaine lettuce as it works with U.S. health officials to determine the source of an outbreak of E. coli infections in the two provinces and in 11 states.

As of Tuesday, there have been 18 confirmed cases of the bacterial infection  …

Will we ever cure Alzheimer’s?

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Few drugs have been approved for treatment of this dementia, and none works very well. It has become one of the most intractable problems in medicine

(Pam Belluck/ New York Times) — It’s a rare person in America who doesn’t know of someone with Alzheimer’s disease. The most common type of dementia, it afflicts about 44 million  …

Stress can shrink your brain, study says

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(Don Rauf/ Everyday Health) — Chronic stress can deliver a damaging blow to a person’s health. It can have a negative impact on the cardiovascular system, breathing, the liver, digestion, the nervous system, and many other aspects of well-being.

A new study, published Oct. 24 in the journal Neurology, shows that the brain  …

How coffee protects the brain

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(Marie Cohut/ Medical News Today) — Scientists have now proved that drinking certain types of coffee can be beneficial to brain health, but how does this popular brew support cognitive function? A new study identifies some of the mechanisms that allow coffee to keep mental decline at bay.

According to data from the Harvard T.H.  …

Less social media may make you feel less lonely

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(Michele Berger-Penn/ Futurity) — Researchers have discovered a connection between Facebook, Snapchat, and Instagram use and decreased well-being.

The link between social-media use, depression, and loneliness has been talked about for years, but a causal connection had never been proven. Few prior studies, however,  …

Pneumonia could kill 11 million children by 2030, experts warn

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(Sarah Newey/ The Telegraph) — Nearly 11 million children are on course to die from pneumonia by 2030, with those living in poverty most at risk, researchers have warned.

An analysis from Save the Children and Johns Hopkins University found that around 10.8 million children could die from the disease over the next 12 years.

But  …

We burn more calories in the afternoon and evening, study finds

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(Megan Schmidt/ Discover) — Our weight might not be controlled solely by what we eat. When we eat, and when we get to sleep, may be just as important. A small study published this week in Current Biology found people who had been thrown off their circadian rhythms burn more calories in the late afternoon and evening hours than in   …

A single energy drink might harm blood vessels: study

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(Steven Reinberg/ HealthDay) — Caffeine-laden energy drinks are popular, but they might make your blood vessels less efficient, a small study suggests.

These drinks — sold as Monster and Red Bull, to name two — have been linked to heart, nerve and stomach problems, researchers say.

“A lot of young kids use energy  …

Quebec promises nurses more jobs, no more mandatory overtime

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(Presse Canadienne) — Health Minister Danielle McCann is assuring nurses that mandatory overtime will be abolished and more full-time jobs will be created under the new Coalition Avenir Québec government.

“I intend to very quickly to assess your workload,” McCann said Tuesday in a speech to the 2,700 members of the Ordre  …

Mental health support by text launches for kids across Canada

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(Canadian Press) — Canadian youth can now access mental health support through a free bilingual texting service being rolled out across the country by Kids Help Phone.

The charitable organization is introducing the 24/7 texting support option through a service partnership with U.S. based helpline Crisis Text Line.

A pilot  …

Anti-depressant use has tripled among teens in a decade

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(CTV Montreal) — The use of anti-depressants among teenagers in Quebec has tripled over the course of the last ten years.

What has yet to be determined, though, is whether this is a result of an increased frequency in mental illness or whether it is merely a reflection of more people seeking treatment.

In an interview with CTV Montreal,  …

WHO says air pollution kills 600,000 children every year

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GENEVA (Reuters) – Air pollution kills an estimated 600,000 children every year and causing symptoms ranging from loss of intelligence to obesity and ear infections but there is a limited amount parents can do, a World Health Organization report said on Monday.

Parents should try to avoid household air pollution by using less  …

Why do we stay in relationships that make us unhappy?

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(Maria Cohut/ Medical News Today) — At some point in our lives, we may find ourselves in a romantic relationship that makes us unhappy, yet we still choose to stick it out. Why persist in a joyless romance when we could simply break up? A new study has found a surprising answer.

Unfortunately, happy romantic relationships are very  …

Can eating organic food lower your cancer risk?

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(Roni Caryn Rabin/ New York Times) — People who buy organic food are usually convinced it’s better for their health, and they’re willing to pay dearly for it. But until now, evidence of the benefits of eating organic has been lacking.

Now a new French study that followed 70,000 adults, most of them women, for five years  …

French watchdog calls for ban on tanning beds

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(BBC News) — France’s health watchdog says the risk of cancer from sunlamps and sunbeds is proven and authorities should act to stop people being exposed to artificial ultraviolet rays.

Brazil and Australia have already banned sunbeds commercially, and France is one of a number of countries that have already limited their   …

Soccer headers cause more brain damage in female players

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(Daniel Ackerman/ Scientific American) — Repeatedly heading a soccer ball exacts a toll on an athlete’s brain. But this cost—measured by the volume of brain cells damaged—is five times greater for women than for men, new research suggests.

The study provides a biological explanation for why women report more severe  …

MUHC given multi-million dollar grant to cure rare kidney disease

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(CTV Montreal) — The MUHC has been given a $2 million grant to help fight a rare kidney disease.

Cystinosis causes cysteine, an amino acid, to accumulate in different organs.

Crystals build up and can eventually lead to organ failure.

The disease is usually diagnosed in children under the age of two, and could lead to end stage kidney   …

Colds especially bad? Your nose might be to blame

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(Health.com) — For people suffering from a cold, the severity of their symptoms may be linked to the mix of bacteria that inhabit their nose.

New research suggests the amount and type of organisms residing in the nose might explain why some people’s symptoms are worse than others — even if they are infected with the  …

Fake ’50s town offers real benefits for people with dementia

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(Liz Stinson/ Curbed) — Inside a sprawling beige warehouse in Southern California is what some researchers believe could be the next big thing in dementia care. Town Square, a 9,000-square-foot replica of a 1950s-era town in Chula Vista, California, is designed to jog the memories of people with dementia by surrounding them  …

Signs and symptoms of Crohn’s disease in women

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(Amanda Barrel/ Medical News Today) — Crohn’s disease is a chronic health condition that affects the digestive system. It is one of a group of long-term health conditions, which also includes ulcerative colitis, known as inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD.

Crohn’s disease occurs when the body’s immune  …

A new blood test may detect sleep deprivation

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(Maria Cohut/ Medical News Today) — Lack of sleep is just as dangerous as excessive drinking when it comes to activities such as driving. The breathalyzer can reliably measure a person’s state of intoxication, but there’s currently no way of assessing someone’s tiredness. New research may soon   …

Fitter folks suffer milder strokes: study

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(Amy Norton/ HealthDay) — It’s well-known that regular exercise can help cut your risk for a stroke. Now, new research shows fitness may have an added bonus, cutting the severity of a stroke should one occur.

So finds a study of more than 900 stroke survivors. It found that fitter people were twice as likely as sedentary folk to   …

Low-carb diet better when it includes more vegetables, nuts

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(Thomson Reuters) — People who cut back on carbohydrates may end up increasing their risk of premature death if they load their plates with meat and cheese instead of vegetables and nuts, a U.S. study suggests.

While previous research has linked low-carbohydrate diets to better success with short-term weight loss and improvements  …

Low-dose Aspirin late in life? Healthy people may not need it

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(Denise Grady/ New York Times) — Should older people in good health start taking aspirin to prevent heart attacks, strokes, dementia and cancer?

No, according to a study of more than 19,000 people, including whites 70 and older, and blacks and Hispanics 65 and older. They took low-dose aspirin — 100 milligrams — or a placebo  …

U.S. officials call teen vaping ‘epidemic’

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(Associated Press) — U.S. health officials are sounding the alarm about rising teenage use of e-cigarettes, calling the problem an “epidemic” and ordering manufacturers to reverse the trend or risk having their flavoured vaping products pulled from the market.

The warning from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration  …

Stroke victim: ‘A selfie saved my life’

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(Simon Veazey/ Epoch Times) — A 63-year-old woman from Detroit says a selfie saved her life.

Juanita Branch, 63, said she had decided to update her Facebook page with some selfies on the morning of Aug. 13.

But when she looked back over the series of images, she told Fox, each image seemed to get progressively worse.

Checking the  …

It’s official: going on vacation helps you live longer

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(Annemarie McCarthy/ Lonely Planet) — If you’re looking for yet another excuse for your ceaseless wanderlust from friends, loved ones or co-workers who simply don’t understand, feel free to hit them with this latest research; going on holiday will help you live longer.

The findings came from a 40-year study conducted   …

Can daytime sleepiness predict Alzheimer’s?

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(Tim Newman/ Medical News Today) — In a recently published study, scientists conclude that excessive daytime sleepiness could predict the onset of Alzheimer’s in later life.

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. It affects around 5.7 million people in the United States — and this number is predicted  …

Stroke may double risk for dementia, study says

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(HealthDay News) — People who’ve had a stroke face up to twice the normal risk of dementia, a new review suggests.

In what they say is the largest analysis of its kind, British researchers examined 48 studies that included 3.2 million people worldwide.

“We found that a history of stroke increases dementia  …

​A quarter of adults are too inactive, putting health at risk

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(Thomson Reuters) — More than a quarter of the world’s adults — or 1.4 billion people — take too little exercise, putting them at higher risk of cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, dementia and cancers, according to a World Health Organization-led study.

In 2016, around one in three women and one in four men worldwide  …

EpiPen alternative priced for Canadian market at $170 each

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(Nicole Ireland/ CBC News) — The American epinephrine autoinjectors ordered by Health Canada as an emergency measure amid an ongoing EpiPen shortage have been priced at $170 Cdn each by manufacturer Kaléo Pharmaceuticals, CBC News has learned.

That $170 price for the Auvi-Q epinephrine autoinjector is more  …

Poor sleep makes people pile on the pounds, study finds

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(Hannah Devlin/ The Guardian) — Lack of sleep has long been linked to obesity, but a new study suggests late night snacking may not be the primary culprit. The latest findings provide the most compelling evidence to date that disrupted sleep alters the metabolism and boosts the body’s ability to store fat.

The findings add   …

How eating mushrooms may improve blood sugar control

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(Maria Cohut/ Medical News Today) — A new study looks at how eating a common type of mushroom can affect glucose, or blood sugar, regulation. The results may have implications for managing diabetes and other metabolic conditions, such as obesity.

Researchers working in various departments at Pennsylvania State University  …

Tips to get through a panic attack

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(Alex Dimitriu MD/ Third Age) — Suddenly overcome by fear, trembling, sweating, head pounding; heart racing? Don’t panic! Relax – and breathe. A focus on slow, deep breathing can help you get through a panic attack.

My comments follow research reported in the April 2018 edition of Psychophysiology by Trinity College Dublin,  …

Soy may strengthen bones before and after menopause

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(Sheena Rice-Missouri/ Futurity) — Soy protein in food might be a way to counter the negative effects of menopause on bone health—and may also have benefits for women who haven’t yet reached menopause, a study with rats shows.

Osteoporosis, decreased physical activity, and weight gain are serious health concerns for   …

Some heart, blood pressure drugs containing valsartan recalled

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(Canadian Press) — Several heart and high blood pressure drugs that contain valsartan are being recalled because of a substance that can cause cancer.

Health Canada says the medications were supplied by Zhejiang Huahai Pharmaceuticals of China and that the valsartan used in the affected products contains an impurity known as N-nitrosodimethylamine  …

Ritalin-type drugs best to treat ADHD in children, shows study

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(Sarah Boseley/ The Guardian) — Ritalin and other drugs of the same class are the most effective and safest medications to prescribe for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a major scientific review.

The review of ADHD drugs shows that they work, and work well, in spite of concerns among  …

Women doctors ‘best for female heart patients’

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(BBC News) — Women who have a heart attack are more likely to survive if they are treated by a female doctor in hospital, a major US study suggests.

An analysis of 580,000 heart attack cases over 19 years found 13.3% died after being treated by a man compared with 12% who were cared for by a woman.

Their chances were also improved if   …

Why Alzheimer’s hits women harder than men

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(Laura Oliver/ BBC) — Diagnosed with Alzheimer’s in 2015, 75-year-old Brenda Whittle still enjoys jigsaws, sewing and dancing. New activities are less appealing, but participating in Alzheimer’s research and drug trials is an exception. She’s so at ease with loud brain scans, she even falls asleep during them.

Brenda  …

GMO rice may hold the key to fighting HIV on the cheap

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(Alexandru Micu/ ZME Science) — An international team of researchers, with members from Spain, the U.S., and the U.K., plans to fight HIV using only cereal; namely, rice. In a new paper, they describe how they developed a strain of the plant that produces HIV-neutralizing proteins, and how the resulting rice can be used to prevent  …

Researchers successfully put bioengineered lungs unto pigs

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(Lacy Schley/ Discover) — Ah, to live in a world where we can crank out custom-made organs to meet supply. No need for donors or years-long waiting lists.

We’re still a ways off from that organ utopia, but we’re at least a little closer to bioengineered lungs becoming a reality. On Wednesday, researchers from the University  …

Alan Alda reveals Parkinson’s disease diagnosis

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(Gwilym Mumford/ The Guardian) — Alan Alda, who starred as Hawkeye in the long-running TV comedy M*A*S*H, has revealed he has Parkinson’s disease.

The 82-year-old actor told US talk show CBS This Morning that he was diagnosed with the disease more than three years ago, and had lived a “full life” since then. “I’ve acted,   …

EpiPen shortage to continue into August, Health Canada warns

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(Global News) — Health Canada is warning Canadians the adult dose of the EpiPen is expected to be in limited supply at pharmacies until August 31.

The EpiPen (0.3 mg) is expected to be very limited at pharmacies, and will “likely be depleted in the coming days or weeks,” according to a statement from Health Canada.

Manufacturer Pfizer  …

Canada to revisit voluntary salt reduction targets

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(Simon Harvey/ Just Food) — Canada is again urging people to cut their intake of salt and plans to revise or come up with a new voluntary reduction initiative after a study found consumers are exceeding the recommended daily amount.

Despite introducing a regulatory proposal in February requiring front-of-package symbols  …

Eat fish for a longer life, study suggests

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(Tim Newman/ Medical News Today) — A 16-year study, which dove into the data of almost half a million men and women, concludes that a diet rich in fish predicts a longer life.

Consuming fish has long been recommended as part of a nutritious diet. Rich in high-quality proteins, vitamins, and healthful oils, fish is roundly considered  …

Fats or carbs: What causes obesity?

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(Maria Cohut/ Medical News Today) — Too many carbohydrates or too much fat? Opinions as to which parts of our diets are likely to cause obesity are split. A recent study takes a closer look at the effects of diet on weight and health.

Earlier this year, Medical News Today reported on a study that pitted the potential benefits of the  …

Alzheimer’s risk 10 times lower with herpes medication

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(Ana Sandoiu/ Medical News Today) — New results could change the face of Alzheimer’s treatment; the herpes simplex virus is found to play a vital role in the condition, and antiherpetic medication is shown to have a dramatic effect on dementia risk.

Last month, Medical News Today reported on a study that found “strong  …

Are you blood type O? Hema-Quebec needs you

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(Rachel Lau/ Global News) — Hema-Quebec is asking people with O- or O+ blood to donate.

“It’s basically the effect of the infamous heat wave last week,” explained Vanessa Jourdain , a spokesperson with Hema-Quebec. “We had less donors than usual and there was a peak in terms of demand.”

Jourdain adds the goal is usually  …

Falls may be sending more Canadians to hospital, study suggests

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(Canadian Press) — A raised bit of concrete on a sidewalk. An icy patch on the road. A misstep on the stairs at home. All of these can lead to accidental falls — landing a person not only on the ground, but often also in hospital.

Unintentional falls are the most common form of injury across the country: every day last year,  …

Outdoor air pollution linked to higher diabetes risk

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(Kristina Sauerwein/ Futurity) — A new study links outdoor air pollution—even at levels deemed safe—to an increased risk of diabetes globally.

The findings raise the possibility that reducing pollution may lead to a drop in diabetes cases in heavily polluted countries such as India and less polluted ones such as the United  …

Seeing the same doctor linked to lower risk of death

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(Rebecca Ochs/ European Scientist) — Seeing the same doctor over time has been linked to a variety of benefits for patients, including improved care, communication and trust, but new research suggests that it could also save lives.

In what is said to be the first systematic review of how continuity of care is related to  …

How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?

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(Web MD) — You could call fibromyalgia a copycat condition. Its main symptoms — widespread pain and fatigue — are a lot like those of other health problems. And there’s no test or scan that can diagnose fibromyalgia, so it can be hard for your doctor to nail down what’s causing your aches and pains.

If you think you could  …

Caffeine linked to improved heart health in mice

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(Rebecca Ochs/ European Scientist) — Scientists have discovered why coffee seems to be good for the heart and said that caffeine intake equivalent to drinking four cups of coffee a day could lead to improved heart health.

Although previous research has linked coffee to lower risks for various diseases, including type 2 diabetes,  …

Alzheimer’s link to herpes virus in brain, say scientists

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(Hannah Devlin/ The Guardian) — The presence of viruses in the brain has been linked to Alzheimer’s disease in research that challenges conventional theories about the onset of dementia.

The results, based on tests of brain tissue from nearly 1,000 people, found that two strains of herpes virus were far more abundant in the  …

Marriage tied to lower risk of fatal heart attack and stroke

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(Thomson Reuters) – Married people may be less likely to develop cardiovascular disease or die from a heart attack or stroke than individuals who aren’t, a research review suggests.

Researchers examined data from 34 previous studies involving more than two million people. Overall, they found that adults who were divorced,  …

Early risers have lower risk of depression, study finds

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(Maria Cohut/ Medical News Today) — Do sleep-wake preferences influence our risk of depression? A new study confirms that they do, and “morning people” are on the winning side.

People’s chronotypes — that is, their sleep and waking preferences — could affect their well-being, studies have shown.  …

Human brain hard-wired to love fat-carb combo: study

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(Denis Thompson/ HealthDay News) — Fast food and processed foods trigger deep-seated instincts in the human brain that likely promote overeating, a new study suggests.

These modern foods, high in both fat and carbohydrates, produce a higher “reward” signal than foods containing either mostly fat or mostly carbs,  …

Slightly higher blood pressure increases dementia risk

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(Aine Fox/ The Independent) — Fifty-year-olds with slightly raised blood pressure are at an increased risk of getting dementia in later life, a new study has suggested.

Study participants had a greater risk even if they did not have other heart-related problems, the research published in the European Heart Journal said.

The  …

Overweight people can live longer too

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(Edgar Gärtner/ European Scientist) — If you are middle-aged and overweight, you can still be fit, if you ensure your do four hours of exercise daily and/or exercise regularly. This emerges from research carried out by Dr. Klodian Dhana at the Erasmus University Medical Centre in Rotterdam in a study of 5,300 subjects aged   …

High-salt diet may kill off ‘good’ gut bacteria

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(David Railton/ Medical News Today) — New data suggest that high salt consumption may prove fatal to certain gut bacteria, and that this could contribute to high blood pressure and diseases affecting the immune system.

Scientists are already aware of a link between high blood pressure and a diet high in salt.

High-salt diets  …

Melanoma signs and symptoms: early detection is key

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(Pamela Kaufman/ Everyday Health) — Recognizing the early signs of melanoma — and getting yourself to a doctor as soon as possible if you see anything suspicious — is vital.

That’s because the earlier the diagnosis, the better the prognosis. For melanoma treated early, before it has time to spread, the five-year survival  …

More women dying from strokes than men: Report

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(CBC News) — In Canada, more women than men are dying as a result of a stroke and they’re living with more challenges as they recover, according to a report from the Heart and Stroke Foundation.

The 2018 Stroke Report was released Tuesday and shows women suffer from the effects of stroke “disproportionately”  …

Singing ‘Macarena’ could help you perform CPR

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(Lindsey Theis/ Fox News) — Missy Elliot. Hanson. Wilson Phillips. This isn’t a Flashback Friday playlist — they’re CPR aides, and a catchy ’90s tune is now being added to the list — “Macarena.”

“Just having music out there to help as a memory aid is really important,”  …

Childhood obesity is high in home of Mediterranean diet

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(Mark Lieber/ CNN) — The Mediterranean diet is well-known for its positive effects on cardiovascular and metabolic health. But according to new data from the World Health Organization, childhood obesity rates in the Mediterranean region are among the highest in the world.

The new WHO report, presented Wednesday at the European  …

How using your legs keeps your brain healthy

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(Ana Sandoiu/ Medical News Today) — New research suggests that moving one’s legs is crucial for brain health. In fact, exercising leg muscles helps the brain to produce new neurons, the study suggests. The findings help researchers to better understand the progression of neurological and motor neuron diseases.  …

An egg a day reduces stroke, heart attack risk: Chinese study

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(Kathleen Doheny/ WebMD) — Could an egg a day keep heart disease away, despite warnings in the past that the cholesterol was bad for your heart? Chinese researchers suggest it might, after their study following more than 400,000 adults for about 9 years found an egg a day lowered the chance of heart disease and strokes.

“Among   …

Forget your BMI and focus on this measurement instead

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(Amanda MacMillan/ Health.com) — When it comes to determining whether a person is overweight, body mass index (BMI) is the most widely used measure out there. But doctors admit that BMI—a ratio of weight to height—is far from perfect. Now, a new study suggests there may be a better way to estimate the risks of health problems  …

What are the different types of aneurysms?

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(Julie Revelant/ Everyday Health) — An aneurysm occurs when part of an artery’s wall weakens, causing it to bulge or widen. Aneurysms can occur due to poor diet, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, atherosclerosis, obesity, smoking, and using drugs that spike blood pressure, like cocaine.

Aneurysms are most commonly  …

Canadian scientists track Lyme disease threat

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(CBC News) — An increase in cases of Lyme disease in Canada could be the result of greater awareness and better testing, say experts who remind those heading out in risky areas to take precautions.

In 2009, the Public Health Agency of Canada recorded 144 cases of Lyme disease in the country. In 2016, there were 992 cases countrywide.  …

U.S. FDA approves first of new migraine drugs

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(Stephanie Watson/ Web MD) — The U.S. FDA has approved the first in a new class of migraine drugs that aim to fight painful migraine headaches before they start.

Erenumab (Aimovig) is the first of four new migraine drugs in the pipeline that target calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a molecule that’s produced in   …

Sleep-wake disruption strongly linked to mood disorders

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(Catharine Paddock/ Medical News Today) — After analyzing day and night patterns of activity and rest in more than 90,000 United Kingdom residents, researchers have found a strong link between disrupted sleep-wake cycles and higher risk of mood disorders, such as bipolar and depression, and poorer well-being.

The study,  …

Alcohol, tobacco cause more health harm than illegal drugs

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(Robert Preidt/ HealthDay News) — It’s smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol — and not taking illegal drugs — that pose the greatest risks to people’s health, a new international study contends.

Researchers found that alcohol and tobacco use combined cost more than a quarter of a billion disability-adjusted  …

Early treatment for HIV infection helps halt brain damage

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(Bill Hathaway/ Yale News) — Soon after an individual’s initial infection with HIV, damage to brain volume and cortical thickness progressively worsens until anti-retroviral treatment is started, a new study shows.

“We knew HIV could cause neurological damage, but we did not know it happened so early in the infection,”  …

So is it cool to drink on antibiotics or not?

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(Christina Stiehl/ Thrillist) — Not drinking on antibiotics is one of those common-sense health rules that’s a fact just because, like waiting 30 minutes after eating to swim, or peeing on a jellyfish sting to make it better.

It’s also a great excuse to use if you don’t feel like going out one night; most people  …

What your government can’t tell you about drug prices

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(Kelly Crowe/ CBC News) — It took three years of fighting for access to confidential drug information, but a Quebec bioethicist has punched a tiny hole in the iron wall of secrecy surrounding patented drug prices.

Two weeks ago, Jean-Christophe Bé lisle Pipon won a long battle to force the Quebec Health Ministry to tell him how  …

These foods may delay your menopause

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(Ana Sandoiu/ Medical News Today) — New research led by scientists at Leeds University in the United Kingdom suggests that a diet rich in legumes and fish may put off the natural onset of menopause, while foods rich in carbohydrates may accelerate it.

The age at which a person experiences their menopause can impact their health  …

Alzheimer’s: ‘Music may make symptoms more manageable’

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(Maria Cohut/ Medical News Today) — People with Alzheimer’s have severe memory recall issues, and progressive damage to their brains means that other cognitive functions are also impaired. This may cause a state of anxiety and disorientation in many people, but listening to music can help, as new research suggests.  …

Dementia risk linked to some medicines

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(Ian Westbrook/ BBC News) — In England, 1.5 to two million people are likely to be taking anticholinergics for depression, Parkinson’s and bladder problems. University of East Anglia researchers found more cases of dementia in patients prescribed larger quantities of particular anticholinergics.

But experts said  …

Regular exercise can reduce risk for depression

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(Robert Preidt/ HealthDay News) — Regular exercise can reduce your risk of depression, no matter what your age or where you live, research suggests.

In a new study, an international team of researchers analyzed data from 49 studies that included nearly 267,000 people in North America, Europe and Oceania. The study participants  …

What are the possible causes of vaginal dryness?

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(Shannon Brosek/ Medical News Today) — Vaginal dryness is a common symptom experienced by women when they go through the menopause transition and possibly for many years after. However, vaginal dryness can happen at any age for several reasons.

Vaginal dryness is the result of decreased levels of estrogen. Estrogen is the   …

Could this implant protect women from HIV?

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(Catharine Paddock/ Medical News Today) — Researchers in Canada have developed a vaginal implant that aims to protect women from becoming diagnosed with HIV.

In a paper now published in the Journal of Controlled Release, they report how they successfully tested the vaginal implant in laboratory animals.

HIV, which is the   …

Epipen and EpiPen Jr. in short supply, no alternatives available

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(CBC News) — EpiPen injectors used to treat life-threatening allergic reactions are currently running short, and EpiPen Jr. products may soon do the same, Health Canada said on Thursday.

Health Canada said Pfizer Canada had advised the agency of the short supplies.

The auto-injector is a handheld device that treats life-threatening  …

Here’s another reason why you shouldn’t marry your cousin

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(Health 24 Genetics) — First cousins who marry run twice the risk of having a child with genetic abnormalities, according to a previous Health24 article.

Now a new study suggests that children born to parents who are cousins have a significant risk for developing a mood disorder – such as depression or anxiety.

For adults whose parents  …

Scientists find very young cells in even very old brains

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(Rafi Letzter/ Live Science) — Your brain keeps making new nerve cells, even as you get older.

That’s a big deal. For decades, researchers believed that aging brains stop making new cells. But recent research has offered strong evidence to the contrary, and a new paper published April 5 in the journal Cell Stem Cell tries  …

Want to de-stress? Delete Facebook, study suggests

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(Ana Sandoiu/ Medical News Today) — If Cambridge Analytica didn’t put you off Facebook forever, this might: a new study says that quitting the social media network can drastically lower your stress levels.

The Cambridge Analytica scandal — also known as the largest data leak in Facebook history — caused the social  …

California needs to stop saying everything causes cancer

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(Sara Chodosh/ Popular Science) — You may have heard that coffee gives you cancer. Or that everything gives you cancer—if you live in California.

The reason: Proposition 65. It’s a California state law that requires businesses with 10 or more employees to provide reasonable warning about the use of any chemicals the state  …

Can’t find your keys? Don’t panic

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(Sara Rimer/ BU Today) — It took you half an hour to find your keys this morning. You forgot the name of a longtime colleague at a meeting yesterday. You got lost driving to a friend’s house last week—it’s true that you were more focused on NPR than the road, but you’ve made that drive countless times and you should be able   …

How much hair loss is normal ? And what you probably don’t know

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(Bellatory) – If your feel that your hair is dropping in handfuls and you feel that you are starting to look more like your balding uncle than curly-haired beauty or hunk, then read on and do something about it! First of all, calm down! If you are a woman, then bear in mind that 90 per cent of women’s hair loss is only temporary; it is probably  …

Global antibiotic use soars as resistance fears rise

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(HealthDay News) — Overuse of antibiotics is one of the main causes of the dangerous health threats posed by antibiotic resistance — when the drugs are no longer effective against the diseases they were designed to fight.

Yet new research finds that antibiotic use by people rose 39 percent worldwide between 2000 and 2015,  …

Making time to really listen to patients

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(Rana L.A. Awdish and Leonard L. Berry/ Harvard Business Review) — Modern medicine’s true healing potential depends on a resource that is being systematically depleted: the time and capacity to truly listen to patients, hear their stories, and learn not only what’s the matter with them but also what matters to them. Some  …

The many ways your house is killing you

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(Richard A Lovett/ Cosmos) — We may not think of our living rooms and offices as chemical factories, but reactions occurring within them can produce a dangerous array of toxic air pollutants, scientists say.

In some cases, these chemicals are formed by the same reactions that produce urban smog, says Sasho Gligorovski, a physicist  …

A big breakfast could aid weight loss, glucose control

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(Honor Whiteman/ Medical News Today) — You may have heard that breakfast is “the most important meal of the day,” and a new study helps to support this. It found that eating a big breakfast and reducing lunch and dinner size may be key for people looking to lose weight and improve their blood glucose levels.

Led by researchers  …

Our latest weapon against antibiotic resistance? Platypus milk

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(Kristen Houser/ Futurism) — The platypus is, frankly, a weirdo. It’s one of the last surviving species of egg-laying mammals. It has venomous flippers. And that furry body combined with the duck bill? Looks like it belongs on evolution’s blooper reel.

And now another strange element of its biology is intriguing scientists:  …

Have scientists found an answer to chronic pain?

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(Tim Newman/ Medical News Today) — Using computer modeling, researchers have designed a new compound that may help to treat neuropathic pain. In animal trials, it produced immediate, long-lasting therapeutic effects.

Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition wherein people have a heightened sensibility to pain, or hyperalgesia,

  …

Study challenges ‘healthy but obese’ theory

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(Agence France-Presse) — Being overweight or obese does pose a risk of heart disease, despite claims to the contrary, a study of nearly 300,000 British adults suggested Friday.

While it is generally accepted that being overweight increases a person’s disease risk, some researchers have recently suggested that carrying   …

How much of our empathy is down to genes?

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(Ana Sandoiu/ Medical News Today) — When you’re going through a tough time, some people seem to know almost instinctively what you need, while others, although well-intended, may not be able to offer the emotional support you’re hoping for. Is this because the ability to empathize is innate, or down to our  …